What are the causes of women's infertility?

What are the causes of women's infertility ?

Many couples suffer from the problem of delayed pregnancy, which negatively affects their psychological well-being and family stability. The reason for delayed pregnancy can be attributed to health issues in both the husband and wife. It should be noted that 30% of cases of delayed pregnancy are caused by infertility in women, while there are other unspecified or unknown causes. Infertility in women is a health problem that modern medicine has been able to diagnose accurately and determine the cause of infertility. Several methods have been developed to provide appropriate treatment. There are various reasons attributed to female infertility, including negative daily habits and lifestyle practices that lead to infertility. Additionally, there are reasons related to congenital or health problems in the reproductive system. Given the importance of this topic and the numerous misconceptions surrounding it, it is essential to read this article, where we will shed light on the aspects and causes that lead to female infertility. What is female infertility? Female infertility refers to the presence of disorders in women that prevent them from getting pregnant despite trying for a year or more. This can manifest as a complete inability to conceive or as incomplete pregnancy termination after the embryo has implanted in the uterus. Both sides can be treated with appropriate medical solutions. To treat female infertility, it is necessary to understand the causes that lead to infertility. Are these causes treatable, or are there cases that are impossible to treat? Causes of female infertility There are multiple causes attributed to female infertility. Here are the most important causes and information about them:

  1. Ovulation problems or disorders: Ovulation refers to the monthly production of eggs in the ovaries of women. Some cases of female infertility are caused by irregular menstrual cycles, which means irregular ovulation. This can be due to delayed or absent regular timing for egg release or complete absence of ovulation. Such problems make it nearly impossible for fertilization to occur, whether in cases of complete absence of ovulation or irregular and infrequent ovulation.
  2. Uterine abnormalities: Many cases of female infertility are caused by problems or congenital abnormalities in the uterus. These abnormalities can include fibroids, polyps, adhesions resulting from infections, and irregularities in the shape of the uterus, such as bicornuate uterus or unicornuate uterus. There can also be abnormalities in the fallopian tubes or the presence of a barrier in the uterine cavity. All these abnormalities can negatively affect women’s ability to conceive, and each case requires appropriate treatment based on the diagnosis.
  3. Damage or problems in the fallopian tubes: If a woman has undergone abdominal surgery, has had previous infections, or has any diseases such as gonorrhea or chlamydia, she is more likely to experience damage or problems in the fallopian tubes. In some cases, the tubes may be completely blocked, which causes infertility and prevents the sperm from reaching the egg for fertilization. In some instances, the cause of female infertility can be attributed to congenital abnormalities in the fallopian tubes that prevent them from performing their main function, which is to provide a suitable path for the egg and sperm to meet for fertilization.
  4. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): In this condition, a woman experiences hormonal imbalances that prevent the ovaries from producing eggs regularly, resulting in infertility. It is accompanied by elevated testosterone levels, which lead to excessive hair growth, acne, and irregular menstrual cycles. Polycystic ovary syndrome is one of the most common reproductive disorders among women nowadays. It can be treated through various methods and does not pose a significant risk or make it difficult to treat female infertility.
  5. Cervical issues: One of the causes of female infertility is the presence of problems in the cervix that prevent the sperm from crossing it and reaching the egg.
  6. The condition of endometriosis You may wonder how endometriosis can be a cause of infertility in women. The simple answer is that endometriosis refers to the growth of the uterine lining tissues in places outside the uterus, such as behind the uterus, in the fallopian tubes, the pelvis, and the ovaries. This can cause blockage in the tubes and inflammation in the pelvis, resulting in an inability to conceive. One of the most common symptoms of this condition is experiencing pain during intercourse, severe pain during menstruation, and pelvic pain.
  7. Menstrual disorders Menstruation, in its simplest sense, refers to the monthly preparation and readiness of the female body for pregnancy. The irregularity of the menstrual cycle or the presence of disorders within it undoubtedly leads to infertility in women and delays conception. These disorders may occur due to intense physical exercise, severe stress, or excessive fatigue. Sometimes, they can also occur due to loss of appetite. Other causes of infertility in women: The aforementioned factors represent a range of health issues and problems that women may face, requiring direct medical intervention for treatment.

However, it is worth noting that there are other causes of infertility in women attributed to daily habits that can negatively affect fertility. Some of these causes or habits include: – Excessive smoking, which harms the health of the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes and may also lead to an increased rate of recurrent miscarriages. – Obesity and excessive weight are problems that affect a woman’s ability to conceive because they impact ovulation. Therefore, every woman should maintain a proper weight and maintain a specific body mass to increase the chances of conception. – Advanced age is one of the most important causes of infertility in women. As a woman ages, the number and quality of her eggs decrease, increasing the likelihood of miscarriage, which makes it more difficult to conceive. – Excessive alcohol consumption affects fertility levels in women and impairs the quality of eggs, leading to delayed conception. It should be noted that the causes of infertility in women are vast and numerous, and each cause may result in a range of sub-causes and specific conditions that affect a woman’s fertility and her ability to conceive. Therefore, it is always advisable for couples to seek medical attention, undergo necessary tests, and determine the underlying cause of the problem in order to receive appropriate and effective treatment.

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